During Kindergarten math instruction, students begin the year by focusing on number recognition and number fluency. Continuing in the year, they learn to compose and decompose numbers 1-20 as well as add and subtract to 20. As they progress towards the end of the year, students are comfortable working with numbers up to 20. They will also begin to learn basic facts about 2 and 3-D shapes.
In the beginning of the year, students will review concepts taught in first grade. They will progress by looking at number patterns and learning place value to 1,000. They will continue practicing addition and subtraction of three digit numbers. Students will be introduced to the concepts of time, money, and customary and metric measurement. They will also have an introduction to basic data analysis. Towards the end of the year, students will be introduced to geometric shapes and the concept of equal shares (halves, thirds, fourths).
By the fourth grade, students will be expected to apply all of the mathematical concepts taught in previous years to more complex problems. Students will review the applications of multiplication and division and begin using these skills with 2-digit numbers. Students will learn how to identify patterns and number sequences, how to perform simple operations with fractions, and how to work with decimals. Students will further their understanding of perimeter, area, and geometry and will begin graphing more complex data.
Students begin first grade with a review of the basic concepts learned in Kindergarten. They will learn addition and subtraction strategies and begin the concept of place value. Building on the basics of Kindergarten, first graders will begin addition and subtraction of two digit numbers. Later in the year, they will have an introduction to graphs, measurement, time, and equal shares (halves, quarters, fourths).
In third grade, students begin the year with a review of concepts taught in second grade. Students will begin learning multiplication and division and how to apply those concepts to problems. They will also get an introduction to properties and equations. During the second half of the year, students will be introduced to fractions and learn about measurement, time, and money. They will finish the year with practice in perimeter and area, geometric shapes, and how to represent data through simple graphs.